The Vietnam war 1955-1975
Indochina, a French colony
The Viet Minh
The defeat of the French
The State of Vietnam and The Democratic Republic of Vietnam
The involvement of the U.S
The Ho Chi Minh trail
The Tet Offensive
Negotiation between the U.S and Hanoi
The end of the war
The Vietnam War remains today to be one of the most memorable and long-standing conflicts in recent history in which the US involvement has played a huge role. Today I am going to discuss the war, from the beginning to the end.
Vietnam was part of the French Indochina, a French colony in southeast Asia, established in 1887 for the French to fortify catholic missionaries. Indochina was controlled by France up until the second world war, when France was invaded by Nazi Germany.
After the withdrawal of France, Indochina was invaded by Japan. The French were caught off guard and all of the garrisons were overrun.
The Japanese replaced French officials, and effectively dismantled their control of Indochina. During the Japanese invasion, a communist army rose up against the occupiers.
The revolutionary movement was found by Ho Chi Minh and he named it ‘’The Vietnam independence league’’, the Viet Minh.
1945, three years after the Japanese attack on pearl harbor, The United States government were looking for ways to undermine Japanese forces in Vietnam.
The OSS (office of strategic services) supplied The Viet Minh with weapons to fight the Japanese. The Viet Minh also received findings from The Soviet Union and The People’s Republic of China.
After the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japanese surrender seemed imminent, and in August 1945 they handed over the control to The Viet Minh.