Fahrenheit 451, Nineteen Eighty-four, The Hunger Games and Divergent are only a few examples of all the dystopian novels that have been written and published over the years. They are all prime examples of what could happen to our society if we either went in the wrong social, political or technological direction.
They function as a warning to us humans and shows us that these events in the novels might even become reality in a near future if we do not succeed to solve all of the critical problems that we have today. Many dystopian novels have been written as a reaction to the current events in the world and the authors usually want to say something by writing in this specific genre.
This essay will discuss how dystopian literature is in many causes a reflection of our past, present and future time in one way or another.
Dystopian novels have been written for centuries and some of them even foreshadow real events that occur in the real world. In the article Freedom or Oppression written by Mike Ashley (2016) he discusses how some dystopian novels have covered real political situations and concerns in America, Russia and Great Britain but introduced them to their own imaginary worlds, societies and how these reflect upon our time.
For example, he compares Charles Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-four to Milo Hastings novel City of Endless Night who both is about real political situations such as the colonistic and nazistic eras.
Ashley also discusses how pre-war dystopian novels such as Swastika Night by Katharine Burdekin represent the Nazi controlled Germany when Hitler began to rise to power and fight his way to becoming the dictator. In this dystopian society, Germany and Japan control the world, women are very oppressed and all the Jews are exterminated.
Unlike the novels The Sound of his horn as well as Dominion where we are shown a nightmare to society where Europe and Britain are overtaken fully by Hitler and his regime as a result to when they won the second world war.
Mike Ashley finishes the article off by explaining that authors have it way more easy to conjure a dystopian novel out of any dark or twisted ideas, proving that the chances are higher that we might slip into a dystopian nightmare rather than a utopian dream where the purpose of keeping everyone happy is a near impossible task to achieve.