The earliest times shaped Britain into the country it is today. This summary will guide you through the events which were crucial for Britain's development.

Up until the end the of last ice age Britain was a peninsula. The movement of the ice, as it melted and retreated and then froze again, caused the separation of Britain from the mainland and created what is now known as the English Channel. The result was the creation of the British island. (McDowall, 1989)

Britain’s climate, culture and economy has been highly affected by the fact that it is surrounded by the sea. This has been an advantage in warfare and trading and since the Gulf Stream passes by the island its climate is milder than much of the European mainland. One can suggest that Britain’s history and strong national sense have been shaped by the sea. (McDowall, 1989)

Additionally, the different groups of invaders occupying the island through history have played a significant part in developing Britain. The first invaders crossed the narrow sea and arrived in about 3000 bc. Previously the island was inhabited by small groups of hunters, gatherers and fishers.

The invaders knew how to grow crops and keep animals, hence introducing new ideas and methods. Thus, the invaders were crucial to the development of Britain. (McDowall, 1989)

Approximately around the same era as the first invaders set foot in Britain the monument of Stonehenge was built. It is a formation of stone blocks located in the south-west of England that puzzles scientists all over the world.

There are blocks weighing as much as 50 tons and some has been transported all over the British island. How and for what reason this was executed is still a mystery. It is now considered a world heritage site. (NE, 2020)

After the first group of invaders came to Britain many more followed. One of those groups were called the celts. Over the 500 years leading up to the roman invasion a celtic culture established itself throughout the British Isles. The Celts probably came from the central Europe or further east.

Because of their technical skills, they knew how to work with iron and could therefore control the lowland areas of Britain. The Celts continued to arrive in one wave after another over the next seven hundred years and they became an important part of the British history. Even the Celtic languages which have been continuously used in some areas since that time, are still spoken. (McDowall, 1989).